Bloating, diarrhea, constipation, and stomach pains are just a few of the digestive disturbances that can result from dysbiosis, a condition when the gut bacteria go out of balance. This disorder has been associated to a number of diseases, including gastritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), to mention a few.
Dysbiosis: What is it?
When there is an imbalance in the gut flora, it is called dysbiosis. This leads to a variety of digestive disturbance symptoms, such as indigestion, bloating, cramps, diarrhea, and constipation. Dysbiosis can result from an imbalance in the normal flora of the gut, which is brought on by an excess of harmful bacteria and a deficiency of good bacteria.
The gut microbiome contains at least 400 different bacterial species. They are crucial for overall health because they promote proper digestion, fend off harmful germs, and produce vitamins. The body’s natural flora can be found in many places and is crucial to overall health and wellbeing. Illness might result from an imbalance in which the harmful bacteria outnumber the helpful ones or develop unchecked.
Why Does Dysbiosis Occur?
Numerous things, such as overuse or misuse of antibiotics, excessive alcohol use, increased protein or sugar intake, frequent antacid use, pesticide exposure, and chronic stress are some of the things that might cause the illness. Dysbiosis can also be brought on by anxiety and poor tooth hygiene.
Studies have found a connection between dysbiosis and C-section birth and formula feeding in some instances.
Dysbiosis Symptoms and Signs
Digestion problems are the primary dysbiosis indications and symptoms. Frequent gas or bloating may be a symptom for those with the illness. They thus have bloating most days of the week. Additionally, patients experience cramps in the abdomen, diarrhoea, constipation, and mucus in the stools. They might have both diarrhea and constipation, as well as food sensitivity, food intolerance, and persistent bad breath.
Some people may have trouble urinating, itching in the vagina or the rectal area, chest pain, rashes, exhaustion, attention issues, depression, anxiety, and brain fog.
Based on the signs and symptoms, medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic testing, the doctor can identify dysbiosis. If a person has IBS, a history of long-term antibiotic usage, an autoimmune condition, or a history of gastroenteritis, they may also have dysbiosis. However, the doctor could suggest the subsequent diagnostic tests to solidify the diagnosis:
Tests for Organic Acid
The doctor will advise being tested for organic acids. A urine sample is taken in order to achieve this, and the sample is then examined at a lab. They will examine and evaluate particular acids that the gut microorganisms release. Unusual levels will indicate that some bacteria are out of control in their growth.
Comprehensive Analysis of Digestive Stool (CDSA)
The most in-depth analysis of gut bacteria, both pathogenic and beneficial, can be obtained from a thorough stool investigation. Additionally, stool tests can reveal the existence of other opportunistic illnesses such parasites.
The patient will be permitted to bring specialized equipment home from the doctor to collect a stool sample. After that, the sample will be delivered to the lab. To look for bacteria, yeast, or fungi, the stool will be tested.
Test of Hydrogen Breath
Gases produced by gut bacteria are found with a hydrogen breast test. The patient will be permitted to drink a glucose or sugar solution before the hydrogen breath test. The air in the balloon will then be tested for the presence of bacteria-produced gases after the patient has breathed into it. Gases that are too much or too little can point to an unbalance in the bacteria in the stomach.
To identify the type of bacteria present, the doctor may extract a sample of bacteria tissue from the stomach, which is the site of an active infection.
Taking probiotics to keep the equilibrium in the gut is only one part of treating dysbiosis. It involves making healthy eating selections, avoiding particular foods and activities, and reducing or quitting alcohol use. The best strategy to stop dysbiosis and keep a healthy gut is to eat a balanced diet and consume fewer sugary foods and food additives.